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ABOUT > PAGES > PROJECTS > DISCIPLINES > 1053

NGS PRODUCTS & PRODUCT DESIGNERS

Products & Product Designers
About:
Index: 


Life Cycle Stages of a product and the sustainability issues that arise at each stage

Asked by John Bullock who was writing a magazine article, for a list of issues at all stages of an product's life cycle where environmental choices can be made.

The original enquiry was about an LED light but I have broadened out this version


1 Feedback loop from previous model:

  • Wish lists compiled during previous design/production
  • Failure modes
  • Failure frequency
  • Post Occupancy Evaluation
  • Improvement opportunities
  • New legislation
  • industry initiatives
  • SubsPort Substitution Portal
  • NGS COMPARE Group comparison
  • NGS COMPARE Conclusions

2 Design briefing:

  • Solution to Problem
  • Design life
  • Durability
  • Reliability
  • Ownership models
  • Green labels
  • Total cost of ownership
  • NGS HERACEY
    • Healthy
    • Environmental
    • Resourceful 
    • Appropriate
    • Competency
    • Effectiveness
    • Yardstick
      • Benchmarking
  • Energy efficiency
  • Water efficiency
  • Transport efficiency
  • C2C Cradle to Cradle
  • Zhaga compliance (LED Lights)
  • CHIP (Transport hazard labelling)
  • Low allergy
  • Low VOC
  • COSHH
  • RoHS 
  • REACH
  • SubsPort
  • ODP Ozone Depletion Potetial
  • CPD Construction Products Directive
  • Essential Requirements
  • CAP'EM LCA Life Cycle Assessment
  • CAP'EM Marginal Analysis
  • CAP"EM Detox
  • CAP'EM EPD Environmental Product Declaration

3 Design development:

  • C2C
  • properties
  • Materials
  • Substitution
  • LCA Life Cycle Analysis
    • Marginal analysis
    • Detox
  • Prototypes
  • Components
  • Robustness
  • Methods of assembly
  • Design for better assembly
  • Design for deconstruction
  • Design for reassembly

4 Manufacturer: 

  • CSR Corporate Social Responsibility
  • GreenSpecLight Compass
  • ISO 14000
  • ISO 9000
  • ISO 26000
  • ISO 50000 etc.
  • Energy sources
  • Renewable energy
  • Water sources
  • Resources
  • Local sourcing
  • PPR Packaging Producer Responsibilities

4.1 Marketing:

  • Annual Reporting
    • Economic
    • Environmental
    • Social
  • CSR
  • Sustainability Policy
  • Sustainability Stratergy
  • Sustainability Tactics
  • Sustainability Actions
  • Greenwash Checks
  • Advertising
  • Literature
  • Website
  • NGS Declaration of REACH Requirements
  • NGS Specification
  • NGS ECHO Environmental Claim: Confirmation Of Self-Declaration
  • NGS Manufacturer's Services
  • CAP'EM PRODUCT DATA SHEET
  • CAP'EM EPD
  • PASS Product Assessment Sustainability Screening
  • NGS PASS Product Accessories System Screening

5 Manufacture: 

  • Resource efficiency/effectivness
  • Energy efficiency
  • Transport efficiency
  • C2C
  • Equipment
  • Low Carbon Energy sources
  • Process waste as fuel
  • Recycled heat
  • Waster sources
  • Emissions
  • Waste
  • By-products
  • Co-products

6 Packaging:

  • C2C
  • protection
  • Pallet stacking stability
  • Resource efficiency/effectiveness
  • Packaging Producer Responsibilities
  • Simple singular material
  • simplification to make and unmake
  • Materials
  • Methods
  • reclaim/return/reuse > segregate/recycle
  • PRNs Pacaging Return Notes
  • Green Dot

7 Transport:

  • Pallets,
  • alternative materials,
  • Timber
  • EUTR
  • pallet packing
  • pallet content stability
  • Shipping containers
  • CHIP
  • Trucks
  • trains
  • ships
  • Fuel
  • Logistics and appropriate vehicle size
  • Driver efficiency
  • Packaging return on multiple deliveries

8 Logistics:

  • Supply chain
  • CHIP
  • JIT v JIC
  • KANBAN,
  • Manual handling
  • Packaging reduction
  • Construction Consolidation Centres
    • supply > demand chain
    • preordering
    • milk rounds
    • Pinpoint deliveries
    • Pallet, packaging defects & excess returns
    • pigeon holes for late deliveries

9 Installation:

  • Lean thinking
  • Demand chain
  • preorders
  • Manual handling 
  • KANBAN working platforms
  • materials supply
  • JIT
  • PRNs

10 Facilities management:

  • MOBS,
  • cleaning
  • CDM
  • controls
  • failure and replacement warning systems
  • KANBAN ordering systems
  • replacements
  • collections
  • WEEE compliance
    • schemes
    • waste containers
    • methods
    • Collection points
  • residual waste

11 Refurbishment:

  • Pre-alteration audits
  • Ska
  • Strip out
  • H&S associated with reclaim and collection
  • Provenance
  • materials exchange 
  • resale
  • reuse

12: End of life

  • Deconstruction
  • Reclamation
  • Provenance
  • WTN Waste Transfer Notes
  • Duty of Care
  • Resale
  • Material Exchange Centres
  • NISP
  • Reuse
  • Remanufacture
  • Return to owner
  • Treatment
  • WEEE
  • Segregation
  • Recycling
  • Waste handling licences
  • Landfill Gate cots
  • Landfill tax

© NGS BrianSpecMan aka Brian Murphy
1st August 2013 - 12th July 2014

Products & Product Designers
Images: 


C2CLogo.png


c2c cradle Logo png


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GreenSpecPASSA5Leaflet.png

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© BrianSpecMan aka Brian Murphy
8th August 2013 

Products & Product Designers
See Also: 


NGS JARGON BUSTER 

  • C2C
  • C2CN
  • CAP'EM
  • CCC
  • CDM
  • CHIP
  • COMPASS
  • COSHH
  • CSR
  • EPD
  • EPI
  • EWC
  • EUTR
  • FSC
  • H&S
  • HERACEY™
  • JIC
  • JIT
  • JIT v JIC
  • KPI
  • LCA
  • MASS
  • MOBS
  • NISP
  • ODP
  • PASS
  • PRN
  • REACH
  • RoHS
  • SIN
  • SPI
  • SubsPort
  • TCO
  • VOC
  • WTN
  • Alternative materials
  • CAP'EM Detox
  • cleaning
  • collections
  • COMPany ASsesment Scheme (GreenSpecLight Compass)
  • Construction Product Assessment System (CAP'EM Compass)
  • Components
  • Construction Consolidation Centres (CCC)
  • controls
  • Control Of Susbstances Hazardous to Health (COSHH)
  • Cradle to Cradle (C2C)
  • Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in companies
  • Deconstruction
  • Demand chain
  • Demolition
  • Demolition Protocol
  • Design briefing
  • Design development
  • Design for Better Assembly
  • Design for Deconstruction
  • Design Life
  • Duty of care
  • Durability
  • Eco Labels
  • Energy efficiency
  • Environmental Performance Indicators (EPI)
  • Environmental Product Declararion (EPD)
  • Essential requirements
  • Facilities management
  • Failure modes
  • Feedback loop
  • Green Labels
  • GreenSpecLight COMPASS
  • H&S associated with reclaim and collection
  • Healthy
  • improvement opportunities
  • industry initiatives
  • Installation
  • ISO 14000
  • ISO 9000
  • ISO 26000
  • ISO 50000
  • Just in Case (JIC)
  • Just in Time (JIT)
  • KANBAN
  • KANBAN working platforms
  • Key Performance Indicators (KPI)
  • Landfill Gate costs
  • Landfill tax
  • Lean thinking
  • Life Cycle Analysis (LCA)
  • Logistics
  • Low Allergy
  • Low VOC
  • Materials 
  • materials exchange
  • methods
  • Manual handling
  • Manufacture
  • Manufacturer 
  • Marginal analysis
  • Materials
  • materials supply
  • Methods
  • methods of assembly
  • milk rounds
  • Managing & Occupying Building Sustainably (MOBS)
  • Material Assessment Sustainability Screening (MASS)
  • Natioanl industry Symbiosis Programme (NISP)
  • NGS COMPARE
  • Ownership models
  • Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP)
  • Packaging
  • Pallets
  • pallet packing
  • pallet content stability
  • Pre-alteration audits,
  • preordering
  • preorders
  • Product Assessment Sustainability Screening (PASS)
  • properties
  • protection
  • Provenance
  • reclaim/reuse/recycle/return
  • Refurbishments
  • Reliability
  • replacements
  • resale
  • residual waste
  • Resource efficiency/effectiveness
  • returns
  • reuse
  • Robustness
  • RoHS
  • schemes
  • ships
  • Shipping containers
  • simplification to make and unmake
  • Ska
  • Social Performance Indicators (SPI)
  • Soft Strip
  • stacking
  • Strip out
  • SubsPort
  • Substitute It Now (SIN)
  • Supply chain
  • Timber
  • Total Cost of Ownership (TCO)
  • trains
  • Transport
  • Transport efficiency
  • Trucks
  • Water efficiency
  • WEEE compliance
  • Wish List
  • Zhaga compliance

NGS PROJECTS


NGS MANUFACTURER SERVICES

  • PASS Product Assessment Sustainability Screening
  • PASS Product Accessories System Screening
  • NGS MASS Material Assessment Sustainability Screening
  • NGS BEST Building Element Sustainability Test
  • CAP'EM COMPASS
  • CAP'EM LCA
  • CAP'EM EPD
  • CAP'EM Individual impacts
  • CAP'EM DeTox

NGS CPD

Themes:
  • Waste
  • Packaging

© NGS BrianSpecMan aka Brian Murphy
1st August 2013 - 12th July 2014